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85 F250 Once Over

1210 Views 7 Replies 6 Participants Last post by  cdnsarguy
It's nothing short of a miracle that I stumbled across this sight. I have been pouring over it and learning new things as fast as I can click from thread to thread.

I've got an 85 F250 2WD w/170,000 miles that I've owned since 2000. Previous farm/ranch truck for another owner who I don't think took good care of it. It's always smoked at start (gray like a jet engine lighting off) and under load (black). It also surges once I get to the lower half of the aft fuel tank so I try not to use that tank since I'm sure it is filthy. About a year ago I started having a problem with the engine starting and immediately dying followed by running fine after a little cranking to get it started. A shortage of time/laziness kept me from looking further into it. A few days later I noticed a strong fuel smell and upon investigation one of the fuel injection lines cracked so I replaced that. Everything was fine for a couple months then it did it again with another injection line which I replaced. After replacing that line I still had a diesel smell and found fuel seeping from the top of the injectors at the feed Ts and return lines. Of course, I was still having the starting difficulties. About that time I left for Iraq so the truck got parked. Since getting back I've finally gotten around to looking in more depth and found this website where I've learned about air intrusion etc. Also, just as I was starting to research for info online I decided to disassemble everything from the IP downstream and see if there was anything obvious. I hadn't learned about the trouble with the feed Ts yet, but when I pulled them off I thought, "this has to be the problem." I've now gotten the fuel injectors out with much strain as they were more or less frozen in. Most of them have some sort of hard deposit built up just below the threads, a few pretty bad. The passenger side bank doesn't look as bad, but on the driver side the further back you get the worse they look. The aftmost (I can't remember the cylinder # now) seems to be coated in what appears to be oil. Anyway, I'm going to replace them, test the glowplugs and replace them if required. Suppose I'll do a compression test while I'm at it. Also going to pull the valve covers and see what I find. The oil on the one injector makes me a little apprehensive. Probably going to replace the lift pump too. I'd like to avoid replacing the IP.

If you've made it through my book, thanks. Any insight and hints would be great. I've always worked on my own cars but getting this in depth with a diesel is new. Not looking to boost performance, just want a good running stock truck.
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If the oil on the injectors progresses towards the back then it possibly could be your CDR valve is allowing oil by and back into the intake manifold. Once it gets in the intake, it naturally rolls backwards (tilt of the motor) to the cylinders.

CDNSARGUY has the specs on the CDR and how to check it.

If it was one cylinder I would suspect a stuck valve or something of that nature.
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