No serviceable filter in the IP. I'm presuming you have some injector lines cracked loose at the injectors and no fuel at all there.
With key on engine off remove the pink wire from the top of the IP and touch it back to it's terminal. You should hear an audible click. If not, check for battery power at that wire. If you have power, the ESO (electric shut off) solenoid is not functioning.
If you do hear a click, remove the return line from the top of the IP. You should have fuel there while cranking. If this is a 7.3 and no return fuel, you have a fuel supply problem. If it is a 6.9, remove the black return fitting from the top of the IP and examine the little check ball inside for debris. If it looks like coffee grounds, you need an IP rebuild. You can clean the debris and it may get you running temporarily but may quit again any time without warning.
For either engine if you have good fuel flow coming out of the injector pump and no smoke at the tailpipe, you probably have an IP problem.