Joe has the right of it. The current fuel is called "Low Sulfur Diesel" (LSD) and has <500ppm sulfur. The emissions gear required for '07 requires the use of "Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel" (ULSD), which can have no more than 35ppm sulfur (<35ppm), because higher sulfur content will "poison" the aftertreatment systems (catalyst, particulate trap) required to meet the emissions standards for '07 and beyond.
The tricky bit is that the chemical process the refiners must use to reduce the sulfur content to get to the ULSD standard has the unfortunate side-effect of reducing the lubricating properties of the fuel (pulls some of the heavier ends), which could be bad for pumps and injectors if left alone. Which they are NOT doing, but instead mixing in some additives that restore those lubricating properties.
The practical upshot of all this is that the current stickers are required to warn anyone with an '07 and newer diesel to not use that fuel. Which means anyone with an '07 right now (and I don't think anyone has one yet...) is pretty much SOL until the ULSD becomes more widely available -- which should start to happen around the time the '07 MY diesels hit the stores.
It's my understanding that our Canadian friends have been running ULSD for some time now.
You're going to see a lot of "late" 2007 introductions in the diesel world, and the fuel supply situation is one reason why.